Case Study On Coronary Artery Disease - Words | Bartleby

 

coronary artery disease case study

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Cardiovascular diseases are coronary artery disease case study the major cause of morbidity and mortality in most of the developing countries including India. Various behavioral risk factors are the major risk factors for coronary artery disease. Present study was carried out to study the role of various behavioral risk factors in the occurrence of coronary artery disease, coronary artery disease case study.

Present study was a hospital-based paired-matched case-control study, carried out at civil hospital, Ahmedabad. A total of newly-diagnosed cases of coronary artery disease coronary artery disease case study controls were studied after taking an informed written consent. Data was analyzed by using Epi-info version 3. Among the total cases, Smokers, smokeless tobacco users, and alcoholic were significantly higher among the cases as compared to controls.

Significant association was also observed between current smokers, smokeless tobacco users, and coronary artery disease. Significant association was also observed between obesity, physical inactivity, and coronary artery disease. Salt and oil intake per day were significantly higher among the cases as compared to controls.

Modifiable and preventable behavioral risk factors coronary artery disease case study major etiology behind the occurrence of coronary artery disease, which highlights the need of appropriate control strategies and measures. Coronary artery disease is a multifactorial disease. Various behavioral risk factors like smoking, smokeless tobacco consumption, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and alcohol consumption coronary artery disease case study known to be the important risk factors for CAD.

Most of the behavioral risk factors are potentially modifiable ones. Taking into consideration of these facts, the present case-control study was carried out at civil hospital Ahmedabad to study the role of various behavioral risk factors in the occurrence of coronary artery disease.

The present study was paired-matched case-control study, carried out at civil hospital Ahmedabad, a tertiary care teaching hospital, for 1 year from March to April Permission was taken from the ethical committee, of the institute before carrying out the study.

An informed written consent was taken from all the enrolled subjects after a full explanation of the purpose of study and liberty to drop out. This was done in Gujarati, Hindi, and English languages for an easy comprehension. All the patients were interviewed and examined while in hospital, all the information was filled up in a specially-designed pretested questioner.

The sample size of the study was calculated after conducting the pilot study by using the following formula. So for these values of type I and type II errors, the values of power of detecting these errors are as under. Putting all these values to the above-mentioned equation, the desired sample size was found to be As the case: control ratio was kept 1: 1, the final total sample size of study was cases and controls.

Present study includes newly-diagnosed cases of CAD. CAD patients were diagnosed as per the Monica criteria: 1 2 or more ECG showing specific changes; 2 an ECG showing probable changes plus abnormal cardiac injury enzymes; or 3 typical symptoms such as a coronary artery disease case study pain plus abnormal enzymes. The patient who was diagnosed first time as a suffering from CAD to avoid bias arising from recall memory.

Well conscious, co-operative, and well-oriented with time, place and person, to avoid bias from respondent's answers. A control was defined as an individual who was admitted in civil hospital Ahmedabad on the same day or within 7 days for conditions other than angina pectoris and myocardial infarction.

For the selection of proper control, person's prior history regarding CAD was asked and it was assured that the control had never been admitted to hospital or taken treatment for acute myocardial infarction and angina pectoris.

Well-conscious, coronary artery disease case study, co-operative, and well-oriented with time, place, and person, who voluntary agree to participate in the study to avoid bias from respondent's answers. Socio-economic classes were define according to modified Prasad's classification with Consumer Price Index of mid study period Body mass index BMI was used to classify the weight status of subjects. Classification of overweight and obesity was done according to WHO classification [ Table 2 ].

Association of the risk factors under study was assessed by applying Chi-Square test and Z test. To assess the strength of association, the odds ratio was calculated. For all these statistical analysis, Epi- info version 3. A total of cases of coronary artery disease and matched controls were analyzed. Among the cases, Study of socio-demographic characteristics revealed that predominance of Hindus in both cases and controls.

Family characteristics did not reveal any significant difference between cases and controls. Majority of the cases Distribution as per social class stated that middle socio-economic class was predominant This is because most of the patients come to the civil hospital, Ahmedabad were belongs to the lower or middle socio-economic class.

Overall literacy rate of cases and controls was Majority of men in cases Smokers, smokeless tobacco consumers, coronary artery disease case study, and alcoholic were more among the cases Most of the smokers Alcohol consumption was observed among the males only in both cases and controls.

It was seen that current smokers and smokeless tobacco consumers were significantly higher among the cases Among most of the smokers In present study, the mean BMI of cases Most of the cases The present study was designed as hospital-based case-control study to assess the role of various behavioral risk factors in the occurrence of coronary artery disease. A total of subjects cases and controls were studied. There is incontrovertible evidence that tobacco, in any form smoked or chewedis a major risk factor of CAD.

Possible reason may be that these types of unhealthy behaviors are more socially acceptable for males than for females. In present study, There is general agreement that physical inactivity is associated with an increased risk of heart disease in men. In contrast, studies of women have produced mixed results. Blair et al. Possible explanations for this difference are most women's physical activity is too low to show a benefit, women's were incorrectly classified as a sedentary because even sedentary group does housework.

Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for CAD in study conducted by Zodpay et al. Present study was conducted at civil hospital, Ahmedabad, and most of patients admitted in civil hospital belong to middle or lower socio-economic class; therefore, in present study, significant association was not observed between socio-economic class and CAD.

To conclude, findings of our study suggest that modifiable and preventable various behavioral risk factors are important etiology behind the occurrence of CAD. Public health remedial measures, therefore, be urgently needed to minimize the significant proportion of premature morbidity and mortality due to CAD, coronary artery disease case study. The authors acknowledge all the staff of Medicine department, Civil hospital, Ahmedabad for their valuable guideline in this study.

Source of Support: Nil. Conflict of Interest: None declared. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. J Cardiovasc Dis Res. Rohit V. Ram and Atul V. Trivedi 1. Ram Community Medicine Department, M.

Atul V. Trivedi 1 B. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Community Medicine Department, M. Shah Medical College, Jamnagar, India. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Address for correspondence: Dr. E-mail: moc.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background: Cardiovascular diseases are becoming the major cause of morbidity and mortality in most of the developing countries including India. Materials and Methods: Present study was a hospital-based paired-matched case-control study, carried out at civil hospital, Ahmedabad.

Results: Among the total cases, Conclusion: Modifiable and preventable behavioral risk factors are major etiology behind the occurrence of coronary artery disease, which highlights the need of appropriate control strategies and measures.

Keywords: Behavioral risk factors, case- control study, coronary artery disease. Sample size The sample size of the study was calculated after conducting the pilot study by using the following formula. Eligibility criteria for cases The patient who was diagnosed first time as a suffering from CAD coronary artery disease case study avoid bias arising from recall memory.

Selection of control Definition of control A control was defined as an individual who was admitted in civil hospital Ahmedabad on the same day or within 7 days for conditions other than angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. Eligibility criteria for control Coronary artery disease case study, co-operative, and well-oriented with time, coronary artery disease case study, place, and person, who voluntary agree to participate in the study to avoid bias from respondent's answers.

Table 1 Socio-economic classification. Open in a separate window. Table 2 Classification of adults according to BMI. Table 3 Age and sex-wise distribution of cases and controls.

 

Behavioral risk factors of coronary artery disease: A paired matched case control study

 

coronary artery disease case study

 

Case Study 8: Coronary Artery Disease - Free download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Cardiovascular Disease Coronary Artery Disease Case Study5/5(2). Case Study on Coronary Artery Disease The following summary is an updated case study of a 47 year old male patient, Jim who was diagnosed with Coronary Artery Disease. The patient did receive information on what CAD is and was informed that test were needed to . A year-old male presents to the ED after experiencing intermittent chest pain for 2 days. He describes substernal chest pressure radiating to his jaw. He is short of breath and diaphoretic. His.